Women are the group most susceptible to melasma and this rate will be especially higher in equatorial areas, where the UV index is always at alarming levels.

“Treat your skin well.

What is melasma?

According to information posted on the American Academy of Dermatology Association, melasma is a pigmentation disorder that creates patches or spots of pigment darker than the natural skin color, often appearing on the skin.

Women are often more susceptible to melasma than men.

Besides, according to Medical News Today, the areas most susceptible to melasma on the face are usually the bridge of the nose, forehead, cheeks, upper lip, and chin.

The mechanism of melasma formation is due to excessive secretion of the enzyme Tyrosinase, which in turn stimulates melanocytes to function abnormally.

Understand correctly about melasma to know how to treat it effectively

The secret to being healthy and beautiful

How do you need to take care of your skin after melasma treatment?

Distinguish between melasma, freckles, and acne scars?

Although it is a common skin condition, melasma is easily confused with freckles and dark spots.

Understand correctly about melasma to know how to treat it effectively

Freckles will appear when we are young and are lighter in color than melasma (Photo: Unsplash/Sahand Hoseini).

Although melasma and post-acne dark spots are both manifestations of hyperpigmentation symptoms, both of these conditions have different causes, time periods, and therefore require different treatment methods.

Meanwhile, acne scarring is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Understand correctly about melasma to know how to treat it effectively

The secret to being healthy and beautiful

Melasma – understand correctly to treat effectively and limit recurrence

What causes and how to fix melasma?

If it has been determined that the cause of melasma is due to UV rays, the most effective way to prevent and treat it is to use sunscreen to proactively protect the skin.

Understand correctly about melasma to know how to treat it effectively

Sunlight is one of the causes of melasma (Photo: Unsplash/Anna Keibalo).

You can refer to the following sunscreens:

Understand correctly about melasma to know how to treat it effectively

Murad City Skin Age Defense Broad Spectrum SPF 50 PA++++ mineral sunscreen

REFERENCE

Skinceuticals Oil Shield UV Defense Sunscreen SPF 50 is oil-controlling

REFERENCE

Sulwhasoo UV Wise Brightening Multi – Protector Sunscreen

REFERENCE

IMAGE SKINCARE PREVENTION+ Daily Ultimate Protection Moisturizer SPF 50 Sunscreen for combination skin

REFERENCE

BEAUTIFY

10 sunscreen products not to be missed for combination skin

In case you are being treated with medications that have a risk of hyperpigmentation, talk to your doctor for appropriate advice.

In addition to UV rays, endocrine disorders can also cause melasma (Getty Image/Jerome Tisne).

Besides, using cosmetics also brings positive effects in treating melasma.

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Top 10 effective vitamin C serums for skin whitening

Instead, today, cosmetic companies use other active ingredients to treat melasma such as Hexylresorcinol, Alpha Arbutin, Kojic acid, Tranexamic acid, vitamin C… to lighten brown spots.

Laser is one of the popular methods of treating melasma (Photo: Pexels/Rosa Rafael).

In addition, you can refer to laser treatments for melasma.

Melasma is not a disease but causes loss of aesthetics on the skin surface.